The Captive Sun: Historical Background

The Captive Sun‘s plot takes place during some of the most dire decades of the 20th Century. Here are some historical photos taken in various parts of Greece during this tumultuous era.

Smyrna Refugees 1922
Refugees from Smyrna arriving in Thessaloniki; 1922.
Greek soldiers construct trench.
Trench construction by Greek soldiers in preparation for the Italian attack; March, 1939.
German Panzer III tanks during the Battle of Greece
German Panzer III tanks during the Battle of Greece; April, 1941.
Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1994-009-17 / CC-BY-SA
Greek soldiers march through a rubble-filled street
Greek soldiers forced to retreat; April, 1941.
Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-163-0318-09 / Bauer / CC-BY-SA
Nazi soldiers raising the Nazi War Flag over the Acropolis.
The symbolic start of the Occupation: Wehrmacht soldiers raising the Nazi Flag over the Acropolis. It would be taken down in one of the first acts of the Greek Resistance.
Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-164-0389-23A / Scheerer / CC-BY-SA
Map of Greece showing German/Italian occupied areas
Prefectures of Greece under Axis Occupation; 1941-1944.
Greek civilians lying dead in an olive orchard
Execution of Greek civilians in Kondomari, Crete by German paratroopers; June, 1941.
Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-166-0527-04 / Weixler, Franz Peter / CC-BY-SA
Greek Widow; 1941
Greek Widow; 1941
Registration of male Jews in Thessaloniki
Registration of male Jews by the Nazis in Eleftherias square, Thessaloniki; July, 1942.
Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-168-0894-21A / Dick / CC-BY-SA
Collaborationist soldier beside executed resistance fighter.
A member of the Security Battalions (a German collaborationist military group) with a man executed for aiding the Resistance; 1943.
Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-179-1552-13 / Drehsen / CC-BY-SA
Greek soldiers resting
Greek soldiers of the Security Battalions resting after an anti-partisan sweep during the Civil War; 1943.
Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-178-1536-18A
Woman weeping during the deportation of Greek Jews
A young woman weeps during the deportation of the Jews of Ioannina; March 25, 1944.
Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-179-1575-08 / Wetzel / CC-BY-SA
Malnourished child sitting with bowl.
Malnourished child during German Occupation.
Greek resistance leader Napoleon Zervas and fellow officers
Napoleon Zervas (2nd from left), Greek general and leader of the National Republican Greek League (EDES), with fellow officers.
Greek resistance leader Aris Velouchiotis
Aris Velouchiotis, founder and captain of The Greek People’s Liberation Army (ELAS), the military arm of the left-wing National Liberation Front (EAM) during the period of the Greek Resistance.
Group of Greek children during Greek civil war.
Taken during the Greek civil war somewhere in northern Greece, in a zone controlled by communists.
Junta Poster
A Junta poster depicting their emblem and the date of the coup: 21 April, 1967.
Army tank on Athens Street
A Greek army tank on the streets of Athens following the Junta coup; 21 April, 1967.
Protest outside the Polytechnio
The street outside the Polytechnio during the November 17th, 1973 student uprising.
Students protesing outside the Polytechnio
Students protesting outside the Polytechnio during November 17th, 1973 uprising.
Princess Helen of Greece and Denmark
Princess Helen of Greece and Denmark would have been Calliope’s contemporary. Born in Athens in 1896, she was in Romania during WWII, helping in the rescue of Romanian Jews.